One of the largest organs of the human body is known as “liver”, which seems like half-moon shape and weighs about 1.5 kg to 3 pounds (1.36 kg). The liver is the chief internal organ that is allied with the gastrointestinal system and positioned in the upper-right side of the abdominal cavity. It has 2 lobes which are further divided into 8 segments. These segments have a special capacity to redevelop which means if one of the segments is injured and removed after the surgery then it can generate again.
The colour of the liver is kind of reddish which is guarded by the rib cage and feels like rubbery when touched. The liver is the largest gland of the human body which performs over 500 vital errands to maintain optimum health. The first and the main work of the liver is to purify blood that comes from the hepatic porch vein and the artery. The main 2 lobes of the liver which are further divided into 8 segments are completed by about one thousand lobules associated by minor vessels which ultimately derive together to make up a structure of a common hepatic vessel.
Along with the filtration of the blood, it controls numerous chemical ducts and expels bile that is used by the intestine to eliminate the fat of the body. It helps in releasing and storing glucose, producing cholesterol also controls blood clotting. The liver helps in metabolizing chemicals and eliminates destructive substances, they unconfined into the blood and bile. Bile arrives into the intestine and eventually exists from the body in the form of stool, blood’s spinoffs are sifted out of the body through the kidneys and ultimately exists out in the form of urine. The liver performs a function as a portion of the immunological, system (phagocyte system), and it stores vitamins D, A, K, E, and B12.
The liver has performed so many essential functions of the body and is highly important for health. As per experiment, half liver of the mice’s body is removed by the scientists and it is observed that within 7 days it regenerates. In humans, if about 25% of tissues remain healthy, the liver generates again without any dysfunctionality of the organs within 15days.
ESSENTIAL FUNCTIONS OF THE LIVER
In the human body, the liver performs approx. 500 functions and helps in detoxification by sieving the pollutants present in the blood. The liver helps in controlling chemical ducts in the blood. The gland also performs a task to digest lipids and fats. The task is performed by the bile which is substance veiled through the liver. The substance bile helps in breaking down the fats which eventually absorbed by the body. The liver also helps in absorbing the chemicals and drugs expended by the human body and ultimately converts them into a substance that can be digested by the body easily.
There are few other specific functions of the liver which are as follows:
1. It is a well-known abode of micronutrients and vitamins like vitamin A, D, E, K, and B12, also copper-like mineral.
2. It has a function to produce clotting factors that regulate blood clotting.
3. Bile is a production of bile liver that helps in eliminating and digesting fats and lipids in the food.
4. It has a function to store carbohydrates in the body which eliminates glucose that riveted by the blood at the moment when the human body requires the energy.
SYMPTOMS OF THE UNHEALTHY LIVER
Even though the symptoms of an unhealthy liver can be hazardous and can lead to serious conditions but the most common symptoms that can see most are fatigue, headache, nausea, fever, vomiting, dark urine, dry mouth, fever, diarrhoea, and jaundice. If any of these symptoms noticed in a human body then it is recommended to see your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible.
WHAT YOU CAN DO TO KEEP IT HEALTHY?
As it is described earlier in the article, the liver performs over and about 500 functions, it is quite destructive of the complete health when the liver starts performing badly and can be deliberate too. If the diseases of the liver left crude or untreated, it can be fatal. Cirrhosis, hemochromatosis, liver cancer, ascites, and hepatitis are the most common and major liver disease.
The most common and essential way to stay healthy and keep the health of the liver healthy is to maintain a lifestyle that includes a healthy diet. To maintain a healthy lifestyle, it is essential to start taking a healthy diet, regular exercise, detoxification process and avoiding unhealthy habits like regular and excess consumption of the alcohol. Here we have prepared a list of some tips to keep the health of the liver fit and fine.
1. Start eating healthy and avoid unhealthy food such as the foods that have cholesterol levels high.
2. Start exercising daily which includes running and yoga.
3. Avoid the consumption of alcohol.
The liver plays an essential role in the body; it is the largest and main gland that performs more and about 500 functions in the human body. If any of the functions stop by the liver, it can be very hazardous to the human body which is why it is essential to know your liver well and keep it healthy. To make you aware of the liver and its functions we have prepared a few points in the further article.
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