The retina is the delicate part of the eye as it is a thin layer of nerve fibers that are sensitive to light. Normal vision is possible just because of the retina when you see an object the light passes through the lens and focus on the retina. By transmitting signals to the brain, we recognize the objects.
Around the back of the eyeball, a gel-like material vitreous fluid is attached to the retina. It’s a sight-threatening disorder, due to the untreatable separation of the retina from the retinal pigment epithelium. This RPE layer is a vital part of retina as it is rich in melanin and nutritive cells. All the nourishment is supplied to the retina form this layer; it is also known to restore the bleached photopigments. This layer functions to ensure that pigment is always present in the eye. Backscattering of the light rays is prevented due to its trapping by the pigment melanin.
Types of retinal detachment –
- Rhegmatogenous (development of the retinal breaks)
- Tractional (due to the pulling of the scar)
- Exudative (due to infection and inflammation)
Who are prone to get a retinal detachment?
Retinal detachment is somehow attached to the vitreous fluid. If in case vitreous fluid changes its shape it takes away the small part of the retina, this causes the retina to detach. Aging also contributes to the retinal detachment, vitreous fluid start shrinking with age. However, this is the normal process that doesn’t cause the attachment of the retina. But if you have myopia or inflammation in the eyes, this can be the leading cause of retinal detachment. Some risk factors are;
- People with shortsightedness
- Those who have a history of retinal detachment.
- Those who have a family history of retinal detachment.
- Those who have cataract surgery in the past.
- Floaters or flashes of lights.
- Those with a history of cataract surgery, eye injury or degenerative eye disease
Symptoms of retinal detachment
During the retinal detachment, its functions get ceased and cause;
- Blurred vision
- Blind spot high which causes
- Curtain closing the eyes.
- Shadowy lines.
In case of these symptoms, one has to visit the doctor.
Prevention – Special care is necessary for those who are diabetic because diabetes makes the person prone to the retinal tear. In diabetes, blood vessels of the retina get damaged due to the high blood sugar level, this increases the chances of retinal damage. Thus, special care is necessary for those who are suffering from diabetes.
Symptomatic retinal tears
A high incidence of the rhegmatogenous retinal detachment happens due to the Symptomatic breaks. Photopsia is the main symptom that witnesses the presence of potential detachment. This involves the light flashes, in the peripheral field. This shows the detachment of the retina from the area of the optic disc.
How to prevent retinal detachment
However, if the cause of retinal detachment is age, either the vitreous detachment then it is hard to find out. The first step towards prevention is the routine eye checkup with the proper follow –up. This way your eye specialist can detect the early progress of the condition.
Prevention from traumatic retinal detachment
Protecting the eyes from injuries is also an important aspect. You can prevent the normal injuries of the eye, Again, it is important to prevent eye by wearing the protective Goggles, while handling those tools which can damage the eyes. Also, you have to keep eyes safe from those objects, which can fly into your eyes. Special care is considered when you are using guns in any type of firework show. Similar to this, if you are involved in the physical work, like boxing, squash or soccer, it’s important to use the protective measures which keep the eyes safe from potential threats. If you neglect this part of the safety, chances of having a retinal detachment can happen easily.
Preventive retinal tear repair
If somehow tear happens to your retina, after having a proper assessment by the health care provides, they will figure out whether you will be treated or not. Chances of treatment also depend upon the medical conditions and type of tear. Any kind of the previous history of the retinal damage can worsen the situation and reduces the chances of the possible outcomes. The repair of the retinal detachment can be done with the laser photocoagulation/ cryopexy. When the laser, energy is supplied to the retina it absorbs the light about 60 0C which causes coagulation necrosis. This induces the formation of a scar that repairs the tear in the retina. On the other hand, cryoprobe is also applied over the eyeball, which causes freezing of the retinal tissues. Though both conditions form the scar and reattach the retina at the region of tear.
Eyes are the delicate part of our body as it requires proper attention and care. Aging induces so many eye problems, but If you keep regular checkup thus early signs can be detected and treated with the possible treatments. It’s important to know the warnings signs like, and the immediate eye care measures. If you are having myopia it’s important to have a routine checkup, either if your family has any kind of the previous history of retinal detachment, you are also prone to get retinal detachment. Always protect your eyes from the physical injuries by wearing the goggles, and restrict the direct exposure of eyes from the hazardous activities.
Friends Eye & Child Care Center is the well-reputed center for eye care which provides high leveled services with the up-to-date technology. With the early detection of the problem, all the patients treated with advanced level care. They offer assortments of ocular treatments with the hands of experts.